navigation and gender equality

February theme

Navigation and gender equality

Navigation and gender equality

Welcome to a new episode of our podcast!

In this episode we are discussing gender equality with Captain Malin Andersson. She has broad shipping experience, both onboard the vessels and in ports. Her insights as female captain in a still male dominated industry are truly inspiring! Keep listening to an interesting conversation in our podcast.

LISTEN TO THE PODCAST >

Timestamps

1:17 The intervju begins 

1:40 Malins broad shipping career 

2:56 Captain: A male dominated occupation 

6:24 Predjudices to women at the bridge  

9:51 What is the benefits working at sea? 

11:19 What is the disadvantages? 

12:42 To be a female captain 

14:44 #metoo / #anchoraweight  

17:11 To be able to act against ill treatment 

20:43 Family life when you are a mother working as a seafarer 

27:21 The career choice as a seafarer 

29:07 How have the view of gender equality changed in the shipping world since Malin started working at sea? 

33:31 Is there other issues in the shipping world that needs discussions and solutions?  

35:22 Some last wise advices 

Important points from the podcast with Malin:

  • Malin has a broad career in the shipping world.
  • Malin had a harder time than her male colleagues to get promoted because of her gender. She got the position of chief officer just because the  company needed one quickly because the current chief officer got sick.
  • Women often choose family instead of a career where they have to be gone from the family. It is more social acceptable for fathers to be gone from their kids than it is for mothers.
  • Malin experienced prejudice onboard—mostly with gesturers, how others talks, who they choose to talk first etc.
  • Malin has confidence and know what she is capable of—what others think or say does not bother her.
  • Malin thinks the campaign and debate around #metoo and #anchoraweigh is good and needed. She has not have so much bad experience herself, that have been stuck in the memory, except on her first vessel that was a nasty vessel with for example sexual harassment.
  • These experiences might have shaped her and now she is not afraid to take actions if someone is not treated right. She always prioritize the crews well-being.
  • It is important to find a way to manage your emotions while you are away for work. If you ruminate how it is with your family, if everyone is safe and so on, you can not manage to be onboard.  
  • The shipping industry is slowly getting better in treating the genders equally and handling harassment, because of the social media and forums, such as Wista, pushing forward these issues.

Here you find Wistas homepage >> https://wistainternational.com/


Navigation – ECDIS 

ECDIS, when correctly used and configured, provide navigators with very high-level situational awareness. In our monthly theme we will highlight the key issues, best practices and illustrate the key parameters to be checked and understood. 

Anti-grounding functions: 

There are user defined parameters and parameters that are provided by the ENC. Make sure you understand the differences! 

USER INPUTS: 

  • SAFETY CONTOUR = ANTI-GROUNDING ALARM 
    A visible boundary between navigable and non-navigable area. A recommended setting: maximum draft + tide + squat + UKC.  
  • SAFETY DEPTH 
    An alarm that indicate sounding or object, which is unsafe to pass over in waters deeper than the set safety contour. A recommended setting: same as safety contour.  
  • DEEP CONTOUR 
    Provide visual indication to navigator that vessel is entering shallow water. A recommended setting: as minimum, twice the vessel’s maximum draft. 
  • LOOK-AHEAD RANGE 
    The range in distance or time (user specified) ahead of the vessel.  
  • SAFE CHANNEL WIDTH 
    The range in lateral distance from vessel. 

ANTI GROUNDING FUNCTIONS - PDF


Voyage and passage planning: 

Correctly configured (USER INPUTS) ECDIS provide safe voyage and passage plans. It is paramount that the user checks the route by ECDIS own “route checking” function. Different manufacturers have different names for the same function.  

Verify that the user inputs are correct and safe for the intended passage and voyage. 


Navigational Aids: 

User charts should be part of the passage and voyage planning. 


Visual and chart settings/configuration: 

Ensure that your ENC charts are updated! 

When opening an ENC-chart it is automatically displayed in the default scale, called  

compilation scale. It is possible to zoom in and out as the user wishes. If a chart is not displayed in the optimal scale the ECDIS will display a note about the appropriate scale for the chart.  

If a displayed chart is zoomed in to over scale, while part of the screen is displaying a chart in appropriate scale, you will see vertical lines across the over scaled chart 

ECDIS can be used either two or multi color display modes: 

 

Source: Furuno


Training: 

Navigators using ECDIS are required to have both the generic and the type specific training. 


PSC: 

Some sample questions and check points commonly used in conjunction with ECDIS: 

  • Cerftification – vessels safety equipment certificate and ECDIS type approval certificate 
  • Documented procedures and instructions in SMS 
  • Software maintained to the latest IHO standards 
  • Charts updated and latest edition of the official ENC 
  • Back-up arrangement(s) – as per regulations 
  • Approved generic and type specific training 
  • Master and navigating officers are familiar with operation and can demonstrate operational competency 
  • Conformance and alignment with sensor inputs (positioning system, gyro compass and speed) 
  • Periodic tests and checks according to manufacturer’s instructions. 
  • ECDIS planning and monitoring settings (USER INPUTS) are appropriate for vessel size and trading areas. 

ECDIS FLOWCHART - PDF


Additional information: 

IMO: 

ECDIS - Guidance for good practise

Electronic Charts 

Guidelines for theh presentation of navigation-related symbols, terms and abbreviations

ECDIS - Performance standards

IHO: 

IMO ECDIS-ENC documents 

The Nautical Institue:

Technical Library - ECDIS