Finland has a modern and fairly complete labour legislation and as well as collective agreements in which the minimum demands for the working conditions are defined. The national norms in Finland are founded on the EU-legislation and the international norms such as the ILO's conventions and recommendations.
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act the employers are in charge of the safety and health of their employees at work. The employer is also responsible for the occupational safety work at the workplace. With the help of the occupational safety, including the occupational health service, the employer ensures the physical and mental health of the employee by guaranteeing safe and healthy working conditions. The terms of employment, the management of the organization, the dynamics and productivity are also part of the occupational safety.
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act the employer shall have a policy for action needed in order to promote safety and health and to maintain the employees’ working capacity.
The policy should also incorporate the need to develop the working conditions and the impact of the work environment. All organizations must, regardless of their size, have an occupational safety and health policy.
Every employer must analyze, identify and estimate the inconvenience and risks that are part of the employees´ safety and health. Risk assessment and risk management are part of the safety at work - work at the workplace.
Cooperation with authorities and employees
Occupational safety work in Finland is based on a three-partysystem i.e. on cooperation between authorities, employers and employees. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an authority working to promote occupational safety by developing safety at work and occupational health. The authority also carries out inspections to ensure that rules and regulations are followed.
The employees of the workplace are responsible for their own safety and for the safety of others. Employees should know and take into consideration the hazards of their own work and work environment and inform the employer or the occupational health and safety representative of any faults or defects.